What kind of scientific evidence could override the apparent meaning of the text, i.e., Quran and hadith. This is a foundational question that virtually no one has addressed because the scholars who are qualified enough to originate principles of tafsir of this nature are typically not authoritative in the sciences and vice versa.

What are some of these “a-scientific” realities? We discussed “time” here. Now let’s look at mind/consciousness.

Is “leap of faith” a good response to atheism? How can believers address the question, “How do you know God exists?” What is the proof of God’s existence?