In Part 3, we interrogated Genealogical Continuity (GC) in order to uncover its metaphysical underpinnings. We determined that GC is not falsifiable. Nothing in the fossil record or historical records more generally could be interpreted by scientists as evidence of a miraculous event such as the “creation of man.” This is because it is axiomatic


In Part 2, we discussed falsifiability as a primary characteristic distinguishing science from metaphysics. The question, now, is whether we should understand Genealogical Continuity (GC), i.e., common descent, as falsifiable and, hence, scientific. The best way to see how GC is not falsifiable and, hence, is metaphysical is to consider what empirical state of affairs


In Part 1, we discussed how the theory of common descent and Genealogical Continuity (GC) originated well before the advent of science as we know it. Admittedly, the fact that GC predates science does not by itself establish that GC is metaphysical and a-scientific. However, the following considerations prove just that. Popperian Falsifiability First of


Opponents of Creationism often argue that Creationism is pure metaphysical dogma whereas the evolutionary account of the origins of species is based on scientific fact. This charge against Creationism, however, obscures important distinctions. As we discussed in this post, Evolution is composed of two separate theories: Genealogical Continuity (GC) and Natural Selection (NS). GC is

In Part 1, we discussed the importance of reframing Evolution. For the next three posts, we will be discussing exactly what the theory of Evolution is. Nothing here contravenes scientific consensus. We will merely set the stage for the critiques and refutations which will be presented in future posts. For further information on any of the below, I recommend

Debates between evolutionists and creationists often begin on the premise that Evolution is the position of science and reason while Creationism is simply dogma. Framing the debate in those stark terms forces creationists into a defensive posture from the start. By emphasizing the scientific basis of Evolution, evolutionists shift the burden of argument onto creationists,

This is a pressing question in the minds of many Muslims. Some Muslims have decided to leave Islam after reaching the conclusion that Evolution is not compatible with Islamic tenets. Also, critics of Islam argue that the religion is unscientific because it rejects Evolution. Muslims are thus put in the awkward position of defending their